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A vessel with three masts, with the two foremasts square rigged as in a ship. The after or mizzen mast has no yards and is fitted with a topmast only, and is fore and aft rigged. NB also spelt Bark

A vessel with three masts (foremast, main mast and mizzen mast) the foremast only is square rigged, the main and mizzen masts are fitted with topmasts and are fore and aft rigged.

A vessel with two masts (foremast and mainmast) square rigged on both masts as in the two foremost masts of a full-rigged ship or barque.

A vessel with two masts (foremast and mainmast) the foremast being square-rigged, and the after or mainmast fore and aft rigged. This mast carries a boom-sail (but not always a boom), called a mainsail, and is fitted with a topmast carrying a gaff-topsail.

The cutter carries one mast, setting a fore-and-aft mainsail, stay foresail, flying jib and topsail. The name cutter applies to as much to the sharp build of the vessel's hull as to the particular rig.

A vessel with two masts main and mizzen, both fore and aft rigged. The steering wheel or helm is placed aft of the mizzen mast.

A vessel with two long masts, for and aft rigged on both. Schooners can have between two and five masts. A top-sail schooner has a square topsail on the fore mast.

Sqaure Rigger
A vessel with three masts (foremast mainmast and mizzen mast) each fitted with a topmast, top-gallant-mast and royal mast. Each mast is square rigged i.e. each mast carries yards on which square sails are set.

Tern Schooner
sailing ships with at least 2 masts (foremast and mainmast) with the mainmast being the taller. Word derives from the term "schoon/scoon" meaning to move smoothly and quickly. ( a 3-masted vessel is called a "tern")

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